What is Electricity?
Electricity is a convenient and controllable form of energy that we use every day to power our appliances, provide light, and cool our homes. Electricity is a secondary energy source, meaning it is generated from the conversion of primary sources of energy, such as fossil fuels (coal, natural gas and oil), nuclear power and renewable sources (wind, hydro, solar, geothermal).
Sources of Energy
This form of energy is generated in the Earth's core at temperatures hotter than the sun's surface. The energy is produced by the slow decay of radioactive particles, a process that occurs in all rocks.
Nuclear fission is used to split atoms and the energy released is harnessed to generate heat and electricity.
The burning of coal, natural gas, and oil in power plants using gas turbines or heat engines produces heat which, when combined with steam, generates electricity.
Water and wind are used in dams and windmills to power turbines that create heat and electricity.
The sun's rays are harnessed by photovoltaic panels that allow electrons to move freely among them, eventually meeting a circuit wire and converting into electricity.
Energy Creation & Distribution Process
Electricity is generated using various methods.
Transmission lines carry electricity long distances.
Distribution lines carry electricity to your home or business.
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